Archaeological discoveries

Here is a list of the most significant archaeological sites that can be found:

Ratlla del Bubo (Superior paleolithic .18,000 years).

In this shelter, many materials from the prehistoric period were discovered in addition to the remains of a bonfire, one of the oldest and best preserved samples of the use of fire in the Valencian Community.

Cova del Xorret ( Upper Palaeolithic. 10,000 years) Cave.

Refuge for hunters from 10,000 years ago. Hundreds of flint were found in it used as hunting utensils and tools for everyday use.

Les Moreres (Chalcolithic. end III millennium a. C.) Town.

It was situated on a hill of circular huts and surrounded by a masonry wall.

Pic de Les Moreres ( Bronze Age. First half II millennium BC) Town.

A settlement located in the elevation of difficult access belonging to the Argar culture during the Old Bronze period. The urbanism of this small settlement was arranged in terraces at different heights and had an agricultural character.

Penya Negra (Final Bronze and Orientalizing Period IX – VI centuries BC) Town.

Large settlement that has been identified with the city of Herna de la Ora Marítima de Avieno. It was developed between 850 – 550 BC. between the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron Age. Its inhabitants practiced an intense metallurgical activity that brought them into contact with the Phoenicians, which made them a popular city.

Les Moreres

Les Moreres again, it is the necropolis (Final Bronze and Orientalizing Period IX – VII centuries BC) Necropolis.

Important cremation necropolis from protohistoric times. It was the “cemetery” of the inhabitants of the city of Herna. Around 150 funerary ensembles between tombs and mausoleums were discovered. In many of them appeared bronze, stone, ivory and ceramic grave goods. Part of these findings are exhibited in the Municipal Archaeological Museum and in the Archaeological Museum of Alicante MARQ.

Les Barricaes ( Orientalizing period first half 6th century BC) Fortin.

Defensive fortification in rectangular shape from the orientalizing period where high masonry walls were raised.

Cantal de la Campana (Orientalizing period first half 6th century .a.C.) Fort.

It was another defense fort that depended on the town of Peña Negra. It was built in stone masonry and equipped with towers.

Castellar Colorat (Iberian period 5th – 4th centuries BC. and also Roman 1st century BC) Fortín.

It was a fortification started in Iberian times and reused at the beginning of the 1st century BC. with the construction of a powerful ashlar tower.

El Forat (Iberian period 5th – 4th centuries BC. and also Islamic high medieval ninth century AD) Town.

High-rise settlement from the Iberian period and subsequent Islamic occupation.


Canyada Joana (IV – V century of our era) Roman Villa.

It was a rustic Roman villa in the Ilici territory with a well-defined archaeological trajectory between the second half of the 2nd century AD. and the 6th century A.D. Its torcularium stands out for the production of oil.

This town is essential to know the rural world of Ilici and the connection between the end of the Roman period and the beginning of the Middle Ages in the Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula.

Les Ermitetes (V-VI century of our era) Town.

Late roman settlement.

El Frare (medieval, 13th – 14th century) Fortification.

Fortification from the Muslim period and that is surely the one that in the Christian sources appears named as the Fortress of San Lorenzo. It is abandoned in 1316-1318 at the death of the lordship of the Raig and the disappearance of the Muslim protectorate. In this area, defensive masonry constructions, two wells, a collection of coins from Caliphate and Almohad chronology as well as surgical objects, card needles, among other elements are documented..